Thursday, February 06, 2014

Key Literature on Locative Media & Location-Based Services

In the last few months, there has been a lot more academic literature published on locative media. There used to be so little academic, trade, or popular literature on the topic that it was easy to keep a handle on everything. But as the field matures, the volume of coverage grows.

Over the past two weeks, I've been updating my literature review on the topic. My focus is the content, user-experience, and adoption. I made a timeline of the key literature (below) to get a sense of the key scholars and when the concept has entered various domains (e.g. popular magazines, conferences, encyclopedias, dissertations, specialized journals, etc.). I've thrown in my articles to get some attention to my neglected work.

Bibliography of early, key, and my literature on locative media. The list is chronological order by year then by author surname:

Finnish Phone Maker Intros GPS/GSM Navigation Phone. (1999). Global Positioning & Navigation News, 9(21), 1.

Russell, B. (1999). Headmap Manifesto. Retrieved from

Tanikawa, M. (1999, July 26). A high-tech wonder that helps you wander. Time. Retrieved from

Cohn, M. (2002). It’s all about location. Internet World, 8(6), 44–46.

Hodes, T. D. (2002). Discovery and adaptation for location-based services (Doctoral dissertation). University of California, Berkeley.

Adams, P. M., Ashwell, G. W. B., & Baxter, R. (2003). Location-based services - An overview of the standards. BT Technology Journal, 21(1), 34–43.

Cuff, D. (2003). Immanent domain: Pervasive computing and the public realm. Journal of Architectural Education, 57(1), 43–49.

Kaasinen, E. (2003). User needs for location-aware mobile services. Personal and Ubiquitous Computing, 7(1), 70–79.

O’Donovan, C. (2003). Murmurings: An interview with members of the [murmur] collective. Year Zero One Forum, (12). Retrieved from

Rao, B., & Minakakis, L. (2003). Evolution of mobile location-based services. Communications of the ACM, 46(12), 61.

Gibbs, M. (2004). Locative media. Art Monthly, (280), 40–40.

Hemment, D. (2004, January 4). The locative dystopia. Retrieved from

Lima, P. (2004, September 2). It’s all about location, location, location. Backbone Magazine. Retrieved from

Tuters, M. (2004). Locative media as the digital production of nomadic space. Geography, 89(1), 78–82.

Küpper, A. (2005). Location-based services: Fundamentals and operation. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.

Chang, M., & Goodman, E. (2006). Asphalt games: Enacting place through locative media. Leonardo Electronic Almanac, 14(3-4). Retrieved from

Galloway, A., & Ward, M. (2006). Locative media as socialising and spatializing practice. Leonardo Electronic Almanac, 14(3-4). 

Hemment, D. (2006). Locative media. Leonardo Electronic Almanac, 14(3-4). Retrieved from

Kraan, A. (2006). To act in public through geo-annotation social encounters through locative media art. Open, 11. Retrieved from

Manovich, L. (2006). The poetics of augmented space. Visual Communication, 5(2), 219–240.

Mccullough, M. (2006). On urban markup: Frames of reference in location models for participatory urbanism. Leonardo Electronic Almanac, 14(3-4).

Shirvanee, L. (2006). Locative viscosity: Traces of social histories in public space. Leonardo Electronic Almanac, 14(3-4).

Townsend, A. (2006). Locative-media artists in the contested-aware city. Leonardo, 39(4), 345–347.

Tuters, M., & Varnelis, K. (2006). Beyond locative media: Giving shape to the Internet of Things. Leonardo, 39(4), 357–363. doi:10.1162/leon.2006.39.4.357

Tuters, M., & Varnelis, K. (2006). Beyond locative media. In Networked Publics. Retrieved from

Wang, J., & Canny, J. (2006). End-user place annotation on mobile devices. In CHI ’06 extended abstracts on Human factors in computing systems (p. 1493). Montréal, PQ.

Blume, H. (2007, August 19). Q&A with William Gibson. The Boston Globe. Retrieved from

Crang, M., & Graham, S. (2007). Sentient cities: Ambient intelligence and the politics of urban space. Information, Communication & Society, 10(6), 789.

Ludford, P. J., Priedhorsky, R., Reily, K., & Terveen, L. (2007). Capturing, sharing, and using local place information. In Proc. of the SIGCHI Conf. on Human Factors in Comp. Systems (pp. 1235–1244). New York, NY, ACM.

May, A., Bayer, S. H., & Ross, T. (2007). A survey of “young social” and “professional” users of location-based services in the UK. Journal of Location Based Services, 1(2), 112–132.

Paay, J., & Kjeldskov, J. (2007). A gestalt theoretic perspective on the user experience of LBS. In Proc. of the 2007 Australasian Comp.-Human Interaction Conf. (pp. 283–290). Adelaide, Australia.

Raper, J., Gartner, G., Karimi, H., & Rizos, C. (2007). Applications of LBS: A selected review. Journal of Location Based Services, 1(2), 89.

Raper, J., Gartner, G., Karimi, H., & Rizos, C. (2007). A critical evaluation of LBS and their potential. Journal of Location Based Services, 1(1), 5–45.

Vollrath, C. (2007). The uncanny impulse of locative media. In International Communication Association.

Barkhuus, L., Brown, B., Bell, M., Sherwood, S., Hall, M., & Chalmers, M. (2008). From awareness to repartee: Sharing location within social groups. In Proceedings of the 26th Annual SIGCHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems (pp. 497–506). New York, NY: ACM.

Bridwell, S. (2008). Location-based services (LBS). In (K.Kemp, Ed.) Encyclopedia of geographic information science. Los Angeles, CA: Sage.

Erickson, I. M. (2008). On location: Socio-locative broadcasting as situated rhetorical action (Doctoral dissertation). Stanford University, CA.

Ladly, M. J. (2008). Designing for mobile: A walk in the park. Canadian Journal of Communication, 33(3).

Licoppe, C., & Inada, Y. (2008). Geolocalized technologies, location-aware communities, and personal territories: The Mogi case. Journal of Urban Technology, 15(3), 5.

Rizopoulos, C., Charitos, D., Kousompolis, D., & Kaimakamis, N. (2008). Towards a theoretical model of communication via locative media use. 2008 IET 4th International Conference on Intelligent Environments, 1–8.

Veronesi, F.,& Gemeinboeck, P. (2009). Mapping footprints: A sonic walkthrough of landscapes and cultures. Convergence: The International Journal of Research into New Media Technologies, 15(3), 359–369.

Wilde, E., & Kofahl, M. (2008). The locative web. In Proceedings of the 1st International Workshop on Location and the Web (pp. 1–8). Beijing, China.

Brimicombe, A.,& Li, C. (2009). Location-based services and geo-information engineering. Chichester, UK: Wiley.

Edwardes, A. J. (2009). Geographical perspectives on location for location based services. In Proceedings of the 2nd International Workshop on Location and the Web (pp. 1–4). Boston, MA.

Farman, J. (2009). Locative life: Geocaching, mobile gaming, and embodiment. In Proceedings of the Digital Arts and Culture.

Gay, G. (2009). Context-aware mobile computing: Affordances of space, social awareness, and social influence. Synthesis Lectures on Human-Centered Informatics, 2(1), 1–62. 

Harrison, B., & Dey, A. (2009). What have you done with location-based services lately? IEEE Pervasive Computing, 8(4), 66–70.

Prehofer, C. (2009). Real-world experiences with indoor location based services. In Proceedings of the 2009 international conference on Pervasive services (p. 143). London, UK. 

Beaumont, C. (2010, June 4). Foursquare blocked in China. The Telegraph. Retrieved from

Berry, M., & Hamilton, M. (2010). Mobile computing applications: Bluetooth for local voices. Journal of Urban Technology, 17(2), 37.

de Souza e Silva, A., & Frith, J. (2010). Locative mobile social networks: mapping communication and location in urban spaces. Mobilities, 5(4), 485–505.

de Souza e Silva, A.,& Frith, J. (2010). Locational privacy in public spaces: Media discourses on location-aware mobile technologies. Communication, Culture & Critique, 3(4), 503–525.

Lemos, A. (2010). Post-mass media functions, locative media, and informational territories: New ways of thinking about territory, place, and mobility in contemporary society. Space & Culture, 13(4), 403–420.

Levy, S. (2010, August). A sense of place. Wired, 18(8), 60.

Schwarzer, M. (2010, June 8). Sense of place, a world of augmented reality. Design Observer Group. Retrieved from

Speed, C. (2010). Developing a sense of place with locative media: An “underview effect.” Leonardo, 43(2), 169–174.

Van Lammeren, R., & Goossen, M. (2010). Interactive location-based services: problems and perspectives on the example of a cultural site. Journal of Location Based Services, 4(2), 105. 

Zickuhr, K., & Smith, A. (2010). 4% of online Americans use location-based services. Pew Research Center. Retrieved from

Cornelio, G. S., & Ardévol, E. (2011). Practices of place-making through locative media artworks. Communications: The European Journal of Communication Research, 36(3), 313–333.

Cramer, H., Rost, M., & Holmquist, L. E. (2011). Performing a check-in: Emerging practices, norms and “conflicts” in location-sharing using foursquare. In Proceedings of the 13th Intl. Conf. on Human Computer Interaction with Mobile Devices and Services (pp. 57–66). New York, NY: ACM.

Evans, L. (2011). Location-based services: Transformation of the experience of space. Journal of Location Based Services, 1–19.

Farrelly, G. (February 28, 2011). Pondering effects of Foursquare. Backbone Magazine. Retrieved from

de Souza e Silva, A., & Sutko, D. (2011). Theorizing locative technologies through philosophies of the virtual. Communication Theory, 21(1), 23–42.

Gazzard, A. (2011). Location, location, location: Collecting space and place in mobile media. Convergence: The International Journal of Research into New Media Technologies, 17(4), 405–417.

Gemeinboeck, P. (2011). Urban fictions: a critical reflection on locative art and performative geographies. Digital Creativity, 22(3), 160–173.

Greenspan, B. (2011). The new place of reading: Locative media and the future of narrative. Digital Humanities Quarterly, 5(3). Retrieved from

Humphreys, L., & Liao, T. (2011). Mobile geotagging: Reexamining our interactions with urban space. Journal of Computer‐Mediated Communication, 16(3), 407–423. 

Lapenta, F. (2011). Geomedia: On location-based media, the changing status of collective image production and the emergence of social navigation systems. Visual Studies, 26(1), 14–24.

Les liens invisibles. (2011, April 24). Invisible pink unicorn: Art overtakes faith in imagination. Retrieved from

Lindqvist, J., Cranshaw, J., Wiese, J., Hong, J., &  Zimmerman, J. (2011). I’m the mayor of my house. In Proceedings of the Conf. on Human Factors in Comp. Systems (p. 2409). Vancouver, BC: ACM.

Lovlie, A. S. (2011). Annotative locative media and G-P-S: Granularity, participation, and serendipity. Computers and Composition, 28(3), 246–254.

Microsoft. (2011). Location based services usage and perceptions survey presentation. Retrieved from

Mountain, D. (2011). From LBS to location-based learning: Challenges and opportunities for higher education. In D. Unwin, N. Tate, K. Foote, & D. DiBiase (Eds.), Teaching Geographic Information Science & Technology in Higher Education (p. 327–). Wiley

Schwartz, M. (2011, April). It’s good to be the mayor. MIT Technology Review. Retrieved from

Sutko, D., & de Souza e Silva, A. (2011). Location-aware mobile media and urban sociability. New Media & Society, 13(5), 807–823.

Zickuhr, K., & Smith, A. (2011). 28% of American adults use mobile and social location-based services. Pew Research Center. Retrieved from

Bilandzic, M. (2012). A review of locative media, mobile and embodied spatial interaction. International Journal of Human-Computer Studies, 70(1), 66–71.

Farman, J. (2012). Mobile interface theory: Embodied space and locative media. New York, NY: Routledge.

Farrelly, G. (2012). The role of location-based services in shaping sense of place. In Proceedings of the American Society for Information Science & Technology, 49(1), 1–3.

Frith, J. H. (2012). Constructing location, one check-in at a time: Examining the practices of Foursquare users (Doctoral dissertation). North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC.

Oie, K. V. (2012). Sensing the news: User experiences when reading locative news. Future Internet, 4(1), 161–178.

Smith, C. E. (2012). Checking in: A phenomenological study of active users of geolocational tagging services. Proceedings of the American Society for Information Science and Technology, 49(1), 1–5.

Southern, J. (2012). Comobility: How proximity and distance travel together in locative media. Canadian Journal of Communication, 37(1), 75–91.

TNS. (2012). Two thirds of world’s mobile users signal they want to be found. London, UK. Retrieved from

Tan, C.., Khan, M. S. Z., Silvadorai, T., Anwar, T., & Ramadass, S. (2012). A glimpse into the Research Space of LBS. Journal of Advances in Information Technology, 3(2), 91–106.

Tussyadiah, I. P., &  Zach, F. J. (2012). The role of geo-based technology in place experiences. Annals of Tourism Research, 39(2), 780–800.

Vasconcelos, M. A., Ricci, S., Almeida, J., Benevenuto, F., & Almeida, V. (2012). Tips, dones and todos: uncovering user profiles in Foursquare. In Proceedings of the 5th ACM Itnl. Conf. on Web Search & Data Mining (pp. 653–662). New York, NY: ACM.

Wilken, R., & Goggin, G. (Eds.). (2012). Mobile Technology and Place. New York, NY: Routledge.

Zeffiro, A. (2012). location of one’s own: A genealogy of locative media, A. Convergence, 18(3), 249–266.

Zickuhr, K. (2012). Three-quarters of smartphone owners use location-based services. Pew Research Center. Retrieved from

Boulton, A. (2013, January 1). Locative media, augmented realities and the ordinary American landscape (Doctoral dissertation). University of Kentucky, Lexington. Retrieved from

Boulton, A., & Zook, M. (2013). Landscape, locative media, and the duplicity of code. In N. C. Johnson, R. H. Schein, & J. Winders (Eds.), The Wiley-Blackwell Companion to Cultural Geography (pp. 437–451). Wiley.

Evans, L. (2013, March). Revealing place in the sprawl: A phenomenological investigation into location-based social networking (Doctoral dissertation). Swansea University, UK.

Farrelly, G. (2013). Putting locative technology in its sense of place. In 2013 IEEE International Symposium on Technology &Society, (pp. 237–242).

Frith, J. (2013). Turning life into a game: Foursquare, gamification, and personal mobility. Mobile Media & Communication, 1(2), 248–262.

Graaf, S. van der, & Vanobberghen, W. (2013). At home in Brussels: Professional mobility as a service. First Monday, 18(11). Retrieved from

Humphreys, L., & Liao, T. (2013). Foursquare and the parochialization of public space. First Monday, 18(11).

Lodi, S. (2013). Spatial art: An eruption of the digital into the physical. Leonardo Electronic Almanac, 19(2). Retrieved from

Nitins, T., &; Collis, C. (2013). “Grounding the internet”: Categorising the geographies of locative media. Media International Australia incorporating Culture and Policy, (146), 69+.

Pinder, D. (2013). Dis-locative arts: mobile media and the politics of global positioning. Continuum: Journal of Media & Cultural Studies, 27(4), 523–541.

Schianchi, A. (2013). Location-based virtual interventions: transcending space through mobile augmented reality as a field for artistic creation. Leonardo Electronic Almanac, 19(2), 112–124.

Sharples, M., FitzGerald, E., Mulholland, P., & Jones, R. (2013). Weaving location and narrative for mobile guides. In C. Schrøder & K. Drotner (Eds.), Museum Communication & Social Media: The Connected Museum (pp. 177–196). New York, NY: Routledge. 

Zickuhr, K. (2013). Location-based services. Pew Research Center. Retrieved from

Evans, L. (2014). Being-towards the social: Mood and orientation to location-based social media, computational things and applications. New Media & Society.

Farrelly, G. Irreplaceable: The role of geotargetted place information in a location based service. Journal of Location Based Services.

Hjorth, L., & Pink, S. (2014). New visualities and the digital wayfarer: Reconceptualizing camera phone photography and locative media. Mobile Media & Communication, 2(1), 40–57.

Please let me know if I missed a key work...

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